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Any vehicle towing a trailer requires trailer connector wiring to safely connect the taillights, turn signals, brake lights and other necessary electrical systems.

If your vehicle is not equipped with a working trailer wiring harness, there are a number of different solutions to provide the perfect fit for your specific vehicle.

 

Complete with a color coded trailer wiring diagram of each plug type, this guide walks through each available solution, including custom wiring, splice-in wiring and replacement wiring.

If you're looking to replace the wiring on your trailer, check out our trailer rewiring guide.

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A. Custom Wiring

B. Splice-In Wiring

C. Replacement Plugs and Sockets

Vehicle-specific plug-and-play harness that requires no splicing and provides a standard trailer connector

Taillight converter that splices into your existing vehicle wiring and provides a standard trailer connector

Trailer plugs and vehicle sockets to splice in and replace damaged wiring connectors

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A. Custom Wiring

Custom wiring is the ideal solution for installing trailer light wiring on your vehicle. A custom wiring harness or 'T-connector' is a vehicle-specific harness that plugs in without any spicing required and provides a standard connector output, such as a 4-way flat.

All CURT custom wiring comes with the exact components needed for a complete installation on the vehicle, including vehicle-specific plugs and an electrical converter, if needed.

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Two Types of Custom Wiring

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Custom Wiring Harnesses

A custom wiring harness has multiple plugs that are used to 'T' into the vehicle's taillight assembly, drawing power directly from the taillights or from a direct battery connection and providing a standard trailer light wiring connector. While custom wiring harnesses usually require two or more connection points, splicing and soldering are still not needed.

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Custom Wiring Connectors

While some vehicles may not be equipped with a standard trailer wiring connector, they may have a special socket specifically intended for installing wiring, provided by the vehicle manufacturer. A custom wiring connector uses a single plug to plug into this factory socket and provide a standard trailer wiring connector.

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Original Equipment Trailer Wiring for USCAR

Another type of custom wiring is original-equipment (OE) wiring or USCAR wiring. Select vehicles come with a standardized USCAR socket that provides a connection point for a CURT OE wiring harness.

Like a T-connector, an original equipment wiring harness plugs into the USCAR socket without any cutting, splicing or soldering required, and it provides a standard trailer wiring output, such as a 4-way flat or 7-way RV blade.

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Option B: Taillight Converter Splice-In Wiring

If custom wiring is not available for your particular make and model, a taillight converter may be required to equip your vehicle with the proper trailer light wiring connection.

A taillight converter or electrical converter splices into your vehicle and provides a standard trailer plug wiring connector, typically a 4-way flat. The converter converts the vehicle's complex wiring system to be compatible with your trailer's simple wiring system. To learn more about vehicle wiring systems, check out our vehicle wiring systems guide.

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Option B: Taillight Converter Splice-In Wiring

If custom wiring is not available for your particular make and model, a taillight converter may be required to equip your vehicle with the proper trailer light wiring connection.

A taillight converter or electrical converter splices into your vehicle and provides a standard trailer plug wiring connector, typically a 4-way flat. The converter converts the vehicle's complex wiring system to be compatible with your trailer's simple wiring system. To learn more about vehicle wiring systems, check out our vehicle wiring systems guide.

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How to Wire Trailer Lights

4-Pin Trailer Wiring Diagram

Following the standard method for wiring a trailer connector is vital to the safety of your vehicle while towing. Connecting the wrong color wires will result in mismatched taillight functions and confusion on the road.

Use this 4-pin wiring diagram to properly wire your 4-wire trailer plug.

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Green Right turn / brakes
Yellow Left turn / brakes
Brown Taillights
White Ground

4-Pin Trailer 

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Note: The ground wire color for a 4-flat plug is white and should be properly grounded at the trailer tongue. Read the complete rewiring guide for more.

5-Pin Trailer Wiring Diagram

5-pin trailer wiring is very similar to 4-pin wiring, but it adds in a blue wire for the reverse or backup lights.

Not all trailers have reverse lights, so consider your own trailer as you wire in a 5-way plug.

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 Blue Right turn / brakes

Green Right turn / brakes
Yellow Left turn / brakes
Brown Taillights
White Ground

5-Wire Trailer 

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6-Pin Trailer Wiring Diagram

6-pin trailer wiring introduces two new functions, a wire for connecting trailer brakes and a wire for +12-volt auxiliary power.

6-way wiring is most common on gooseneck trailers and allows for use with a brake controller.

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Brown Taillights

 Blue Electric Brakes

Green Right turn / brakes
Yellow Left turn / brakes
White Ground

Black +12 Volt

6-Wire Trailer 

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Round 7-Pin Wiring Diagram

The 7-way round trailer plug is to be distinguished from 7-way RV blade plugs. The wiring connections and placement are different.

Be sure to review your own trailer connector before wiring.

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White Ground

Brown Taillights

Green Right turn / brakes

 Blue Electric Brakes
Yellow Left turn / brakes

Black +12 Volt

7-Wire Trailer (Round Prongs)

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Equipping Your Vehicle with Proper Tow Wiring

3 Options for installing Trailer Wiring on Your Vehicle

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